Belief In The Books From the Book Explaining the Fundamentals of faith27th March 2020
Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen
Kutub (books) is plural for Kitab (a book). They are called Kutub because they are written (maktoob). Books, here means the Books that Allah sent down to His Messengers as a mercy and guidance for mankind. These Books are designed to lead mankind to what brings them happiness in this life and in the Hereafter.
There are four aspects of believing in the Books
1. To believe that they are truly sent down by Allah.
2. To believe in the Books that mankind were informed of, like the Quraan, sent down to Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam), the Torah, sent down to Moses, the Injeel (the Gospel), sent down to Jesus and the Zaboor (the Psalms), sent down to David. We also believe in the other Books, sent down by Allah, even though we do not know their names.
3. To believe in whatever the Books contained, like whatever is contained in the Quraan and sections of previous Books that have not been corrupted.
4. To implement the Commandments contained in these Books, unless Allah commanded to the contrary through Naskh (over ruling). We must accept whatever these Books contained of Commandments, even if we do not know the wisdom behind them. All previous Books were over-ruled by the Quraan. Allah said, what translated means, And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) the Book (this Quraan) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and dominant over it. [5:48]. This means that the Quraan is dominant over all other Books. Therefore, no Commandment contained in other than the Quraan can be implemented unless it is in agreement with the Quraan.
Benefits Of Believing In The Books
1. Knowing that Allah takes care of His slaves by sending down Books for their guidance.
2. Knowing Allahs Wisdom in whatever He commands. He commanded each nation with what is suitable for them, To each among you, We have prescribed a Law and a Clear Way. [5:48].
3. Thanking Allah for His bounties, because He sent down these Books to lead mankind to guidance.
Chapter 6: Belief In the Messengers
The Messengers are sent to deliver a Message. They are the ones to whom Allah has sent down revelation and who conveys His Law to mankind. Allah ordered them to deliver these Messages.
The first Messenger to be sent was Noah and the last one was Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam). Allah said, what translated means, Verily, We have inspired you (O Muhammad) as We inspired Noah and the Prophets after him. [4:163]. Anas ibn Malik (radiyallaahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, during his Hadeeth about Shafaah (the right of intercession on mankinds behalf that Allah grants to His Messenger on the Last Day), Mankind come to Adam to intercede on their behalf but he declines, saying: Go to Noah, the First Messenger that Allah sent [Saheeh al-Bukharee] Also, Allah said, what translated means, Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah, and the Last (end) of Prophets. [33:40].
Allah sent Messengers to every nation and provided them with Laws that their nations must follow. Some Messengers were sent to revive a Message of a previous Messenger. Allah said, what translated means, And verily, We have sent among every nation a Messenger (proclaiming): Worship Allah (alone), and avoid all Taghut (false deities). [16:36], And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them). [35:24] and, Verily, We did send down the Torah (to Moses), therein was guidance and light, by which the Prophets, who submitted themselves to Allahs will, judged the Jews. [5:44].
The Messengers are only humans and they do not possess any attributes that qualify them to be gods. Allah described His Messenger, Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), the master of all Messengers and the best of mankind, saying, what translated means, Say (O Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam): I possess no power of benefit or harm to myself except as Allah will. If I had the knowledge of the Unseen, I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe. [7:188] and, Say (O Muhammad): It is not in my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the Right Path. Say: (O Muhammad): None can protect me from Allah s punishment (if I were to disobey Him), nor should I find refuge except in Him. [72:21].
The Messengers are only humans. They get sick and they die, they need to eat and drink and they have other human needs. Abraham described his Lord, saying, as was mentioned in the Quraan, And it is He Who feeds me and gives me to drink And when I am ill, it is He Who cures me; And Who will cause me to die, and then will bring me to life (again). [26: 79-81]. Also, the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, what translated means, I am only human, just like you, I forget as you forget, therefore, when I forget, remind me. [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]
Allah described the Messengers, while praising them, that they reached the highest attainable degrees in worshipping Him. He said about Noah, what translated means, Verily, he was a grateful slave. [17:3], and about Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam), Blessed be He Who sent down the Criterion (of right and wrong, this Quraan) to His slave (Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) that he may be a Warner to the Alamin (Mankind and the Jinn). [25:1], and about Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, And remember Our slaves, Abraham Isaac and Jacob, (all) owners of strength (in worshipping Us) and (also) of religious understanding. Verily, We did choose them by granting them the Remembrance of the home (in the Hereafter). And they are in Our Sight, verily, of the Chosen and the Best. [38:45-47], and about Jesus, He was not more than a slave. We granted Our favor to him, and We made him an example to the Children of Israel. [43:59].
Belief In The Messengers Has Four Parts
1. To believe that the Messages are truly from Allah. Whoever disbelieves in one Messenger, will have disbelieved in all Messengers. Allah said, what translated means, The people of Noah belied the Messengers. [26:105]. Allah considered the people of Noah disbelievers in all Messengers, although they only disbelieved in one Messenger. Therefore, the Christians, who disbelieve in Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and do not follow him, are disbelievers in Jesus, the Son of Mary. Jesus gave the glad tidings of the coming of Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to the Christians. This glad tidings will be of no benefit to the Christians if they do not follow Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to guidance and the Straight Path.
2. To believe in the Messengers whom we were told about, like Muhammad (sallallaau alaihi wa-sallam), Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Noah (alaihum as-salam). These are the five strongest Messengers. Allah mentioned them in two verses of the Quraan, And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their Covenant, and form you (O Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)), and from Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, son of Mary. [33:7] and, He (Allah) has ordained for you the same Religion (Islam) which He ordained for Noah, and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)), and that which We ordained for Abraham, Moses and Jesus, saying you should establish Religion (by implementing the Commandments) and make no divisions in it. [42:13]. We must also believe in all other Messengers and Prophets whom their names were not mentioned to us, And, indeed We have sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam)), of them some We have related to you their story and some We have not related to you their story. [40:78].
3. To believe in all what the Messengers have conveyed to us.
4. To implement the Laws of the Messenger who was sent to us, Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam), the final Messenger. Allah sent Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) to all mankind, But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam)) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission. [4:65].
Benefits Of Believing In The Messengers
1. Knowing how Allah takes care of His slaves by sending them Messengers to guide them to His Path. The Messengers teach their nations how to worship Allah, because the human mind cannot know how Allah should be worshipped without guidance from Him.
2. Thanking Allah for this great bounty.
3. Dutifully loving, respecting and praising the Messengers of Allah. They are Allahs Messengers; they worshipped Him, conveyed His Message and gave the best advice to His slaves.
Many rebellious people rejected their Messengers, claiming that Allahs Messengers cannot be human. Allah mentioned this claim and refuted it, And nothing prevented men from believing when the Guidance came to them, except that they said: Has Allah sent a man as (His) Messenger? Say: If there were on the earth, angels walking about, in peace and security, We should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger. [17:94- 95]. Allah refuted this claim, saying that the Messengers must be sent from among humans, because they are sent to the people of earth, who are humans. If the inhabitants of earth were angels, then Allah would have sent Messengers from among the angels to them. Allah mentioned what the disbelievers in the Messengers said, You are no more than, human beings like us! You wish to turn us away from what our fathers used to worship. Then bring us a clear authority (a clear sign that supports what you say). Their Messengers said to them: We are no more than human beings like you, but Allah bestows His grace to whom He will of His salves. it is not ours to bring you an authority (proof) except by the permission of Allah. [14:10-11]